With the number of confirmed cases of Covid-19 already surpassed 6.4 million people and still counting, scientists are working harder to develop treatments as well as vaccines in an effort to slow the outbreak and to mitigate the damage brought by the disease. Few of the earliest treatments are likely drugs that are approved for other known conditions.
And as of May 8, 2020, there are 3 medications that received EUA status or Emergency Use Authorization from the FDA which includes the anti-viral remdesivir, anti-malaria drugs chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine and a drug that’s used in sedating individuals on a ventilator.
EUA enables doctors in using these drugs for treatment among those who have Covid-19 even before medications have undergone formal FDA approval procedure.
Possible Answer for the Outbreak?
As a matter of fact, in mid-May, Sorrento Therapeutics, a small biotech company has announced that it has antibody drug that’s been effective in the early testing of blocking viruses that are causing Covid-19. They state that the drug may possibly be used in treating individuals who are affected by the disease and help in preventing infection. However, these drugs are still in trial and error phase to see its effect towards Covid-19. This is a necessary step in ensuring that medications are completely safe for this purpose and to what should be the proper dosage.
Having said that, it may take months before a treatment is released and become available that can help in fighting Covid-19.
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The Search for Treatments
There are times when drug development is called as pipeline with the compounds moving from the early development in laboratory to lab and animal testing all the way to clinical trials among people. it may take a decade or even more for new compounds to be pushed from its initial discovery to the market while most compounds never even make it.