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How the COVID-19 Pandemic Changed the Heating and Ventilation for Churches

Churchgoers with facemasks worshiping in a church

 

To ensure that church heaters do not become virus slingshots, important points must be observed when heating and ventilating. Information is now compactly compiled in an information sheet.
In almost all areas of life, we are currently adjusting our habits to avoid the spread of the coronavirus. When it comes to the use of churches, it is also important to act differently than usual.

Meanwhile, aerosols have been recognized as a transport route for coronaviruses. In churches, the accumulation and distribution of aerosols that may be loaded with coronaviruses can be reduced. And this is done by changing heating (including Vloerverwarming Alkmaar or Underfloor heating Alkmaar) and ventilation.

Although this limits the possibilities of heating the churches, moderate temperature control for the service, albeit at lower temperatures, is still possible.

In an information sheet, we have compiled the relevant information for heating and ventilating churches in a compact form. These do not replace the legal regulations of the federal government and the federal states. Please also inform yourself there about the current status. According to current knowledge, we are thus acting responsibly and church services are also possible in the Corona winter of 2020/2021. This letter also gives you some further information.

All recommended measures can be summarized in three main strategies that can be used to reduce the spread of coronaviruses:

  • Relative humidity in the room for use at 50 to 60 percent
  • Reduction of air movements during the divine service
  • Short but intense ventilation after the service

In addition, we ask you to continue to observe all other proven hygiene rules, such as the distance rules.

The parishes are obliged to keep themselves up to date with the current status of the legal regulations of the federal government and the respective federal state.

Relative humidity in the room for use at 50 to 60 percent

Relative humidity of 50 to 60 percent reduces the infectivity of the coronaviruses contained in the aerosols. The reason for this is the salinity in the aerosol.

The relative humidity can usually be directly influenced by the room temperature. If the air is warmer, the relative humidity decreases, if it is cooler, it rises.

Newer heaters usually have humidity sensors that can be read for control. Or they are equipped with a humidity priority circuit. In this case, the new humidity limits should be programmed here.

Alternatively, the humidity values can be controlled with a simple humidity-temperature measuring device. In addition to the instantaneous value, they usually also record the maximum and minimum values, so that a rough assessment of the room climate is possible. This will probably result in a temperature of around 10 to 12 degrees Celsius.

 

ALSO READ: How COVID-19 Changed the Tow Trucking Industry

 

Reduction of air movements during the divine service

Meanwhile, infection via aerosols certainly is one of the main ways of infection. The distribution of aerosols must therefore be counteracted as far as possible. Due to their large volume, church rooms now offer the opportunity for a wide distribution of aerosols even in the higher regions of the room, which has advantages in the short use of the space for the divine services. Unfortunately, however, one cannot be sure where the aerosols are transported and whether they are transported back to the visitors’ region by the air movements.

In the heating season, we are therefore faced with the problem that heaters and especially hot air heating cause this air circulation in the room. Therefore, heating systems should be switched off about 30 minutes before using the room. The air can then calm down in good time before the visitors arrive. Underfloor heating, wall temperature controls, and seat cushion heaters may be operated continuously, as they hardly cause air currents or even counteract them.

Until now, it was customary to keep a church at a basic temperature during the week and to raise the air temperature for worship. However, since the walls have very large inertia, they usually remain at the basic temperature and heat up very slowly. This temperature difference between air and wall is another motor of air movements in space. Therefore, either a temperature increase for the service should be avoided or the heating control should be set so that the temperature is reached about two days before the service. With several services per week, it may therefore make sense to maintain the reduced temperatures throughout.

For many types of rooms, such as classrooms and offices, it is recommended to ventilate thoroughly during use. However, this is not transferable to church rooms. Here, effective air exchange is not possible due to the low ventilation cross-sections and the often unfavorable architecture for transverse ventilation. Rather, open church doors and windows lead to unwanted air movements and a decrease in relative humidity. Therefore, it should not be ventilated during the service.

In many churches, there are heating rods arranged under the windows. These window heaters counteract downdrafts in cold outside weather. So they reduce the air circulation in the room. Therefore, they should be operated for worship.

Short but intense ventilation after the service

Even if in many churches a far-reaching air exchange is difficult, ventilation is the most effective way to reduce the virus load in a room. Therefore, this way should be used in any case. For this purpose, all doors and windows should be opened as wide as possible after the service to enable real ventilation (cross ventilation).

However, it is not allowed to ventilate for too long during the heating season, because cold and dry outside air causes the relative humidity in the church to drop sharply. However, this must not fall permanently or far below 50 percent in order not to damage the equipment, such as the organ. Here, too, the humidity sensor of the heater or a simple humidity-temperature measuring device can provide reference values.

Some churches have window sashes that can be controlled automatically or a warm air heater with modern control technology and outdoor air connection. Both techniques usually have sensors that record and compare both the outdoor and indoor climate. In these cases, it makes sense to use the system in favorable air conditions for targeted air exchange or conditioning the room climate to the range of 50 to 60 percent relative humidity.

 

How to Escape from Video Game Addiction

game-addict

Study

 

Association experts intervene in all addictive behaviors, including alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, psychotropic drugs, illicit drugs, excessive gambling, and other addictive substances without substances. There are 80 centers throughout France.

The Association deals with addiction with or without products. Especially addiction to gambling, cash games, PMUs, casinos, online Paris, video games! Preventers have been working on this video game addiction for 30 years, from their addiction to gaming at different online source and websites, smartphones, and online gaming sites. At first, mainly boys were playing. Now as many girls as boys are playing. The average age is 34 years old.

 

Video Game Addiction: Illness

 

Since June 18, 2018, video game addiction has been recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO) as a disease in its own right. It is called “game addiction”. WHO prioritizes this as “an act related to the enjoyment of video or digital games characterized by loss of control of the game, where the game takes precedence over” other benefits “and daily activities.

It is defined as “an act aimed at raising the ranking”. By continuing or expanding gambling practice, despite the negative effects. According to the WHO, this disorder currently only affects a small proportion of players, ie from 0.5% to 4%. It would mainly concern players of network games and in particular MMORPGs (massively multiplayer roleplaying games).

 

 

Gaming Disorder

 

This addiction is based on the principle of pleasure, like playing sports, seeing friends, taking products (tobacco, alcohol, narcotics), eating… The pleasure that produces dopamine that makes us happy.

The problem is that playing too many video games does not cause a feeling of satiety! Games are more and more complex, time-consuming, demanding a lot of skills, and technology affects our emotions and behavior. Enthusiasts follow influencers, think about the game all the time even when they’re not playing.

 

Recognize the signs of an addiction

 

A loss of control, a lot of time spent playing, negative consequences on daily life. To this is added a duration: the behavioral disorder must manifest itself over a period of at least 12 months. Concretely, addiction to video games, in adults as in adolescents, can be detected through certain signs.

The player addicted to online games will gradually abandon his activities, his social relations to be able to devote all his time to the game, which will become his only priority. For adolescents, a drop in school results will be visible, for adults professional difficulties will appear. Added to this is poor diet, poor sleep, anxiety, aggressiveness, sadness.

 

How to fight video game addiction?

 

  • Take a sincere interest in the player’s universe, ask him to help you discover it.
  • Then set limits to the practice of video games (2 hours maximum per day on weekdays; 4 hours per day on weekends)
  • Establish a real family dynamic (meals together, discussion time, common activities, and projects).

Six tips to prevent cybercrime

cybercrime-tips-prevention

Where can I easily break-in? Cybercriminals are constantly investigating this. For example, targeted personal attacks that are victims of phishing, WhatsApp scams, and help desk scams. However, there is also the possibility of being an indirect victim due to data breaches at the company that owns the data. Your data suddenly comes out on the street without hacking yourself.

 

1. Use stickers on your laptop webcam.

Sexual torture is a common form of cybercrime. If the victim does not pay, the criminal threatens to distribute confidential images. Laptop webcams and cell phone cameras are basically secure systems, but hackers can also attempt to break-in. Therefore, always use your webcam slider or sticker to avoid accidental recording.

 

2. Always use a different password for each account.

You are indirectly a victim of data breaches. Not hacked, but the data is on the street. Often it’s not just about personal data, it’s about passwords. To prevent hackers from accessing all your accounts with a single password, it makes sense to use different passwords. Here you can see if your email address was found in the event of a data breach. What if this happens? Then change your password as soon as possible.

 

3. Use a password manager.

We recommend that you change your password regularly and use a different password for each website. To remember all these passwords, you can use a password manager. Password managers use strong encryption and are very well protected from hackers. In this way, the password is properly stored and can be kept at hand at all times.

4. Activate two-factor authentication.

We recommend that you turn on two-factor authentication for all your accounts, but this is especially important for email. Email addresses are often used to activate your account. Once hackers have access to your email, they will often be able to access other accounts as well. Using two-factor authentication makes them very difficult. You can use two-factor authentication via SMS, but it’s even safer to use an authentication app.

 

5. Beware of phishing.

Phishing is often identified by a variety of things. You can hover your mouse over the link before clicking it. Then the URL is displayed. Links often have unobtrusive misspellings. But even long, computer terms or weird URLs often have something wrong. In any case, we recommend that you visit the correct website through your browser instead of clicking the link in the email. For example, if you receive an email from a bank, login to your account from the official website and read the message.

 

6. Prevents malware installation.

What if I click on a phishing link? Turn off the WLAN or unplug the network as soon as possible. Phishing links usually do no harm until you enter the information, but they can become malware that allows hackers to access your information. Immediately turning off the Internet will block all communication between your computer and cybercriminals.

The Spanish Flu in Germany 100 years ago

flu-news-spanish-flu

Influenza Virus

At the end of June / early July of the 1918 war year, a pandemic known as the Spanish flu, which had already killed thousands abroad, also reached the German Empire. 25 to 50 million people have died worldwide, and the disease caused by the influenza virus A / H1N1 has caused more casualties than in World War I (about 17 million people died).

The effect was comparable to the 1348 plague. It was not possible to determine the exact number of deaths because statistics were not retained in many countries as a result of the turmoil of the war. Compared to other flu waves, this had the peculiarity that mainly 20-40 years old succumbed to it. Other influenza viruses, on the other hand, pose a particular risk to infants and the elderly, with mortality rates estimated to exceed 2.5%, compared to about 0.1% in previous influenza pandemics. Overall, about one-fifth of the world’s population has been infected.

Spanish flu

This serious illness was named “Spanish flu” because of the first news from Spain, which was neutral during World War I. The country is subject to free censorship, and at the end of May 1918, more than 8 million inhabitants, including Alfonso XIII, were reported ill. In Madrid, one in three residents got the flu and public life stagnated.

However, other countries have suppressed such information. For strategic reasons, reports of illness on the front lines of the German Empire were not allowed. However, in the summer of 1918, a German newspaper wrote about a case of private influenza. To avoid panic, it became widespread that there was only one death for every 500 sick people. Occasionally, the disease was also called “lightning catarrh” or “Flanders fever.”

Effects and Results

Oxygen deficiency often resulted in a bluish-black discoloration of the skin. Most deaths were due to pneumonia as an additional complication. Due to the special proteins contained in the virus, the virus proliferated very rapidly, causing pneumonia. Some patients developed mild symptoms and recovered quickly, while others died of pneumonia with heavy bleeding. Comparing the COVID-19 in the present time, the virus also influences or somewhat spread easily on many things.

The fact that especially young adults had the Spanish flu was probably due to the fact that this age group had little contact with H1 flu at a young age, in contrast to older and younger people. .. Her immune system was primarily faced with H3N8 mutants and was not ready to fight the flu with the H1N1 protein. Most of the victims did not die from the flu itself. It only paved the way for bacterial infections, especially pneumonia. Overcoming illness often followed weeks of severe fatigue and fatigue. The general result was neurological dysfunction and depression.

In many countries, there was a post-epidemic epidemic until the 1920s, after which it occurred in Europe during the “normal” winter months. Researchers have concluded that the virus is directly derived from the avian influenza virus and has infected humans by mutation. Such an aggressive influenza virus has never occurred. At this present time, we still need to clean and disinfect our areas especially our homes, and the things we usually touch like our pets using a cleaning machine, see, to prevent such viruses.

Tow Truck Operators Urges Fellow Motorists To Be Cautious For Everyone’s Safety

Despite the negative notions about them, towing companies do play an important role in the society. Towing and recovery service providers are tasked with every kind of roadway incident, which includes roadside issues such as vehicle breakdowns, run-off the roads, vehicle collisions among others.

Towing San Jose – A Pioneer In The Industry

San Jose Tow Service, for instance, provides professional towing and recovery services in San Jose and its surrounding areas. Founded in 2000, they have 20 years of experience making them one of the oldest in the San Jose area and in the towing industry. As the company aims to provide quality services and positive experiences for its clients as well as meeting their diverse needs, it ensures their team are highly trained and that rendered services surpass expectations. So, if you are in need of such assistance, check out towing san jose for a reliable and honest service.

Tow Truck Drivers Hold A Dangerous Job

Although San Jose Tow Service has over 20-years of experience in the industry, this doesn’t mean they are perfectly capable of avoiding any potential danger while on the job. Tow truck drivers hold a very dangerous job. In March 2021, a hit-and-run crash that happened in Las Vegas killed Ryan Matthew Billotte, a 48-year-old tow truck driver. This incident has greatly affected many tow truck drivers in the area and in other states as well. Because of this, tow operators are not only calling for strict implementation of existing laws to make it much safer for tow trucks drivers as they do their job, but to create new ones as well.

The accident that happened in Las Vegas is only one of many. In the morning of April 23 in New Orleans, despite him wearing his reflective company uniform and the emergency lights of his truck activated, 23-year-old tow truck operator Tyler Patrick Quave died after his tow truck was sideswiped by another vehicle striking him while he was in the process of aiding a stranded driver.

Many tow operators want to emphasize to their fellow motorists the importance of staying alert, slowing down, and moving over to help them do their duties well at the same time keep them safe. These simple measures have the capacity to save lives.

Safety Grocery Tips During COVID19

How did COVID19 affect our grocery shopping?

Indeed, COVID19 has affected 80% of the lifestyle people are living. Even the normal mundane tasks such as grocery shopping can be more difficult and risky than they once were.

 

People are no longer safe when going out to buy essentials and food in the grocery. The joy of riding in big grocery carts and getting as many chips as you can now be done in limited essentials, timed grocery shopping and of course the risk of a possible virus contact in it.

 

That’s why today, we’re here to help you keep safe while you are out grocery shopping.

 

Keep Your Carts Clean

If you do go to the store on your own, follow all recommended safety precautions. Ensure that you are six feet apart from other shoppers at all times, even if both of you are wearing face masks or cloth face coverings. 

 

Wearing a mask in public places is recommended, and that includes the grocery store, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Consider bringing along your own disinfectant or germicide for the grocery cart you use. Plan what you’re going to buy ahead of time so you can make your trip as brief as possible.

Disinfect at Home

Once you return home, leave any groceries that don’t need to be refrigerated in your garage. Collect your canned goods and put them away the next day, even disinfecting them as a precaution. 

 

Did you know you can make your own disinfectant using just two ingredients? All you need is bleach and water: Either ⅓ of a cup of bleach per gallon of water or 4 teaspoons per quart of water, according to the CDC.

Touch Only What You Buy

Try not to touch things unnecessarily, NC State says. That means don’t pick up multiple produce items to try to find the ripest one, for example.

 

Buy Toys and Disinfect Them

Do kids need toys at home? Of course, you can always find ways to buy them new toys or reinvent new ones to ensure they stay entertained at home despite the cancellation of classes. Make sure to read here for the right toys for a 4 yr old girls.

 
 
 
 

Reaching Out to Coronavirus Vulnerables by Leaflets

Coronavirus Outbreak Notice

Leaflets with information about service throughout the coronavirus outbreak are going to be sent to each home in York – in an attempt to achieve residents who don’t use the net and social websites.

Town of York Council’s first booklet didn’t arrive in several houses – because of problems with supply. This calls for a much better way to provide the leaflets by professional leaflet distribution firms (read more).

However, the local authority has decided to use Royal Mail to provide flyers to visitors to keep them up to date.

Throughout the upcoming few weeks, householders may expect to get a booklet outlining how people can volunteer and how to obtain assistance a letter thanking them for their assistance and containing health information, and a replica of the Our City newsletter.

Darryl Smalley stated: “Our strategy to distribute crucial information to residents hasn’t been more significant.

“Because of inevitable problems with our present distribution system, our most recent booklet for taxpayers weren’t delivered to the entire town and we’d like to thank residents for reporting about the rigorous distribution.

“As a result of the feedback, we’ve opted to use the Royal Mail to disperse all of our resident leaflets directly to people’s letterboxes, so to guarantee the entire town is given with the most up to date and accurate advice in the council.

Also Read: Coronavirus A Favor For The Environment

“On the coming weeks, taxpayers will be sent much different advice about the way to obtain volunteer or support, through to the newest service changes in the council. I am happy that this program includes recommissioning the newly miss-delivered leaflet.”

A variety of service is available for taxpayers from the council.

Help can be obtained together with bills, council tax, obtaining food and medication for the most exposed and residents needing any other service can send an email to their community head office.

A programme of service for companies has also been rolled out.

 

Tropical Atlantic Seems To Be Brewing Follow-up Storms After Hurricane Dorian

We just cannot say for sure when the next monster hurricane after Dorian will pop up in the Atlantic. The destructive Category 5 hurricane that struck the Bahamas and portions of the United States of America had already transitioned into an extratropical low-pressure system and is now lingering in the polar latitudes. However, per the latest weather outlook for the next seven days, we might be looking at potential threats down the road that we should be closely monitoring as early as now.

At this point, it is not set in stone whether the brewing tropical disturbance in the Atlantic Ocean will develop into something as intense as Dorian and threaten landmass. However, noting how Dorian started out as a weak tropical cyclone with no prospects of developing into a major hurricane, this new area of interest in the tropics bears watching.

Could Humberto Come Next In The Coming Days?

 

The National Weather Service (NWS) is currently monitoring an area of interest, namely Invest 94L, in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. This tropical disturbance emerged as a tropical wave from Africa last week, and since then, this system appears to be gathering steam as it traverses the open water. Invest 94L is given at least a ten percent chance of developing into a tropical cyclone within the next 24 hours. However, when we talk about five to seven days’ time, there is a growing chance that Invest 94L will eventually become a tropical depression, and then a tropical storm. When the latter happens, the storm will be called Humberto.

Top-performing global model forecasting tools hint that Invest 94L will encounter more favorable atmospheric conditions and warmer sea surface temperature as it nears the Caribbean. It is possible that the system will start significant consolidation in the same spot where Dorian grew into a hurricane two weeks ago. Take note, however, that NWS has this system covered, and if there will be any developments regarding this potential storm, the agency will give helpful updates right away so we all need to tune in to their warnings.

Dorian Relief Campaign Still Rolling As Hurricane Season Is Just Starting To Unfold

We have yet to reach the climatological peak of the Atlantic Season, so it is not surprising to see more tropical activity until November, which is unfortunate since many places are still reeling from the destruction brought by Hurricane Dorian, especially the Bahamas. If there is any positive effect that Dorian has caused, it is the people channelling their grief and anxiety through helping their fellow victims of the hurricane. and cleaning up the mess after a hurricane. Small useful gadgets like the latest Roomba can help – Read Roomba Comparison Chart to compare models that best suits your cleaning needs.

Hurricanes are naturally-occurring, and there is little we can do to stop them from developing and knocking to our doors. If only there is a heightened security system that can protect us from any threats like a smart security system ( read Ring vs Ring 2 vs Ring Pro vs Ring Elite for comparison of the best security cams). While it may not work that way, but something that could tell that a hurricane is coming. That could be a great idea!

Security System: Life And Property Saver

 

It’s clear that you optate into forfend both your valuables along with the safety of your doted ones. Installing a domicile security process is a perspicacious cull, but you should be yare to experience some discombobulation when culling involving the variations of security systems. Rest assured, however, that whatever kind you picked, you ken that you have completed the most to safeguard your habitation and loved ones. 

Some home security businesses offer you consequential discounts only so as to receive your enterprise. For hundred dollars each month, you are able to cover a domicile security firm  to have somebody consistently visually analyze your habitation night and day. It’s a minutely multifunctional price to cover your placidity of mind. Sometimes, it is possible to also receive a gratuitous setup and free gear when you register for an abode tracking lodging. In any case, simply promulgating the existence of a security firm, bulwarking your abode night and day, may function as a deterrent to a prospective malefactor hazard.

Installing a domicile security program can truly conserve you money, because some indemnification businesses are likely to shave your superior when you’ve got a digital alarm system set up. Taking into consideration the average national cost, and also just how much a typical digital alarm system prices – that the installation will pay for itself, only in indemnification savings, in as second as three decades. These conventional unmonitored systems have sundry kinds of detectors placed in and about the home: for instance, they may be hooked up to windows and doors.

Some contrivances of the sort will also consist of kineticism detectors. “Bells just” typically incorporate the usage of audio alarm which goes off whenever the contrivance finds a perceived hazard. Some contrivances of the sort will also transfer the info regarding location and the kind of danger to this most proximate police division.

Monitored home security methods would be the most innovative, and ergo a more pricey choice.

They adapt as video door phone, also for identification and access management, but they could withal be used as malefaction deterrence: their existence designates your habitation won’t be a facile goal. Only the optical discernment of a movie camera is sufficient to frighten burglars away. They ken they are more apt to be recognized when breaking in an abode using a video surveillance, and also the video content can be used as a proof against them. Some kinds of tracked systems may withal sound alerts and alert law enforcement. The business is going to call your home and request a password, and also when there isn’t any response, or the incorrect password is provided on the telephone, they’ll call law enforcement. When utilized to forfend dormitory complexes, they comprise live tracking and a trained safety sentinel.

Ascertain you don’t become overly complacent, however: a safety system has to be conventionally preserved and utilized responsibly. You can read more about security systems at https://triadsecuritysolutions.com/collections/window-security-film-installers. It’s nonetheless a fantastic conception to always lock your windows and doors when leaving house, and follow other basic home safety steps.